Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Reserve

Bwindi was expelled in 1942 as a forest reserve, upgraded in 1992 and 1994 National Park as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. In the locally spoken language Lukiga means 'Bwindi' already 'Impenetrable', which translated in German means 'impenetrable'. This double warning is appropriate, because Bwindi is anything but easily accessible 327 km ² tangled vegetation covers a very rugged landscape with steep valleys and slippery high windswept ridge.

But although the terrain is not easy to happen, it is well worth the effort. A walk through one of the oldest rainforests in Africa, in search of the endangered mountain gorillas, one of the premier natural encounters, our planet has to offer.

BwindiBwindiIn Bwindi it can be cold, especially in the morning and at night. The temperature range is on average between 7 ° C and 20 ° C with the coldest period in June and July. Warm and waterproof clothing are required, as in Bwindi is up to 2390 mm of rain a year. This focuses on two rainy seasons: the short rains from the March to May and the strong rains from September to November. Instead of brief tropical downpours of rain falls, Bwindi is often easier than several hours of drizzle.

Bwindi is home to an enormous biological diversity as a result of the interplay of two factors. First, its slopes extend over a wide altitude range of 1447 m, creating habitats of lowland rain forest at 1600 m to the rare African-alpine vegetation above 2600 m.Second, the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is extremely old. As most African forests because of the drought during the last ice age (12000-18000 years) disappeared, Bwindi was one of the few refuges that remained.

BwindiBwindiWährend most of today's remaining forests are not more than 12,000 years old, intertwines the vegetation in Bwindi has been at least 25,000 years into a tangled mesh and has accumulated in the course of this process a long list of species. This includes 310 butterflies, 51 reptiles, 200 species of trees, 88 moths, and the remarkable number of 120 types of mammals including 10 primates. These include chimpanzee, baboon, monkey beard, white-tailed-nose guenon, blue monkeys, and Guereza Bwidis most famous inhabitants, the mountain gorilla.

Source: Uganda Wildlife Authority